Whiffle Tree Candle Co.

 

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Safety and Burning Tips

Whiffle Tree Candle Co. is proud to use only the finest 100% American made quality ingredients and materials in the manufacturing of our candles so that you will have the maximum enjoyment and pleasure as you burn them. It’s important, however, that you use candles responsibly to ensure their safe use. Please follow the guidelines to keep Whiffle Tree candles a safe and a beautiful part of your life.

  1. Remove all packaging before lighting.
  2. Place on a protected, heat-resistant, dry surface, away from anything that can catch fire, and out of reach of children and pets. Use holders designed for the particular candle style.
  3. Trim wick(s) to 1/8″ before lighting.
  4. If smoking occurs, blow candle out. Trim wick(s), remove trimmings, and relight.
  5. Keep the wax pool free of wick trimmings, matches, or any combustible material. Keep the wick centered. Avoid drafts.
  6. Keep burning candles within sight at all times.
  7. Keep all matches and lighters out of the reach of children.
  8. Teach everyone in the family the rules of safe candle use.

Jars

  • Handle with care; glass containers are fragile. Avoid glass-to-glass contact when removing or replacing the lid. Do not use if the jar is cracked, chipped or scratched. Do not refill with wax.
  • Do not allow the flame to touch the side of the jar. The jar may become hot. Handle carefully.
  • To minimize wax left on the sides of the jar, burn 3 hours at a time; it is normal for some wax to be left. The amount will vary per color, fragrance and burning conditions.
  • Prevent possible heat damage to the counter/surface by discontinuing use when 1/2″ of wax remains.
  • Extinguish carefully before replacing the lid.

Pillars

  • When wax pool reaches the candle’s edge, extinguish flame and allow candle to harden before relighting. This will prevent dripping.

Votive Candles

  • Burn only in an appropriate holder. Do not burn freestanding.

Simmering Wafers

  • Place one or more Wafers in a dry potpourri pot, and light the unscented tea light candle beneath. We recommend using Tart Warmers, which burn with a low, controlled flame, ideal for potpourri pots. When melted, the Wafer will release its wonderful fragrance.
  • To change fragrances, use a potholder to pick up the potpourri pot and pour the liquid wax into a lined wastebasket. Or, you may harden the wax in a freezer, and pop it out into the palm of your hand.
  • Electric potpourri pots may overheat the wax, and are not recommended. Use a well-ventilated, candlelit potpourri pot, without a lid. The pot should have at least a 2-1/2″ top opening.

Candle Safety Tips

  • Always keep a burning candle within sight. Extinguish all candles when leaving a room or before going to sleep.
  • Never burn a candle on or near anything that can catch fire. Keep burning candles away from furniture, drapes, bedding, carpets, books, paper, flammable decorations, etc.
  • Keep candles out of the reach of children and pets. Do not place lighted candles where they can be knocked over by children, pets or anyone else.
  • Read and carefully follow all manufacturer instructions.
  • Trim candlewicks to 1/4 inch each time before burning. Long or crooked wicks cause uneven burning and dripping.
  • Always use a candleholder specifically designed for candle use. The holder should be heat resistant, sturdy and large enough to contain any drips or melted wax. Be sure the candleholder is placed on a stable, heat-resistant surface.
  • Keep burning candles away from drafts, vents and air currents. This will help prevent rapid, uneven burning, smoking and excessive dripping. Drafts can also blow lightweight curtains or papers into the flame where they could catch fire. Ceiling fans can cause drafts.
  • Keep the wax pool free of wick trimmings, matches and debris at all times.
  • Don’t burn a candle for longer than the manufacturer recommends.
  • Always burn candles in a well-ventilated room.
  • Extinguish the flame if it comes too close to the holder or container. For a margin of safety, discontinue burning a candle when 2 inches of wax remain (1/2 inch if in a container). This will also help prevent possible heat damage to the counter/surface and prevent glass containers from cracking or breaking.
  • Never touch or move a votive or container candle when the wax is liquid.
  • Extinguish pillar candles if the wax pool approaches the outer edge.
  • Candles should be placed at least three inches apart from one another. This is to make sure that they don’t melt one another or create their own drafts that will cause the candles to burn improperly.
  • One of the safest ways to extinguish a candle is to use a candle snuffer which helps prevent hot wax from spattering.
  • Do not extinguish candles with water. The water can cause the hot wax to spatter and can cause glass containers to break.
  • Flashlights and other battery-powered lights are much safer light sources than candles during a power failure.
  • Never use a candle as light when you go into a closet to look for things.
  • Never use a candle for light when fueling equipment such as a lantern or kerosene heater.

 

Candle Storage and Use

  • Always store candles in a cool, dark, dry place.  Tapers and dinner candles should be stored flat to prevent warping.
  • Clean solid candles with a piece of nylon or a soft cloth.
  • Remove wax from holders by running very hot water over them.  Another alternative is placing the candle holder in the freezer.  This will allow the wax to shrink and easily pop off when the candle holder is removed from the freezer.
  • Never use a knife or a sharp object to remove wax drippings from a glass holder; it might scratch, weaken or cause the glass to break upon subsequent use.
  • Votive candles will clean easily if you add a few drops of water to the glass before inserting the candle. Do not add more than a few drops and do not add water unless you intend to burn the candle immediately afterward.  Over time, a candle wick could absorb the water and no longer burn properly.
  • Candles will fade if left in the light for an extended period of time. Never put candles in a window or directly expose them to bright outdoor light or indoor spotlights.

 

Frequently Asked Questions

How are candles made?

While modern candle-making processes vary, most candles are made through the timeless process of placing a cotton wick into wax which is then molded, dipped, extruded, pressed, rolled, drawn or filled into a desired shape and size.

What are the typical ingredients in a candle?

A candle consists primarily of wax and a wick. Many candles also contain dyes or pigments for color and fragrances for scent as well as other minor ingredients.

Does the industry have standards for candles?

Yes. Members of the National Candle Association have a long tradition of making high quality, long-lasting and safe candles. In addition, NCA works with the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) to develop voluntary standards for the candle industry. ASTM standards currently exist for the fire safety labeling of candles and the heat-resistance of glass candle holders. NCA continues to work with ASTM to develop additional standards for candles.

What should I know about using candles safely?

Candles are safe when burned properly, responsibly and according to manufacturers’ directions. When burning candles, consumers should always follow these basic safety rules:

  • Lighted candles should always be within sight. Never leave a burning candle unattended.
  • Never burn a candle on or near anything that can catch fire.
  • Keep candles out of the reach of children and pets.
  • Read and follow all manufacturer instructions carefully.
  • Trim the wick to ¼ inch each time before burning.
  • Always use an appropriate candleholder placed on a stable, heat-resistant surface.
  • Keep burning candles away from drafts, vents and air currents.
  • Extinguish a candle if it smokes, flickers repeatedly, or the flame becomes too high. Cool, trim wick, check for drafts, and re-light.
  • Keep the wax pool free of wick trimmings, matches and debris at all times.
  • Do not burn a candle for longer than the manufacturer recommends.
  • Always burn candles in a well-ventilated room.
  • Extinguish the flame if it comes too close to the holder or container. For a margin of safety, discontinue burning a candle when 2 inches of wax remains (1/2 inch if in a container).
  • Never touch or move a votive or container candle when the wax is liquid.
  • Extinguish pillar candles if the wax pool approaches the outer edge.
  • Place lighted candles at least 3 inches apart from one another.

What kind of label information is required for candles?

Currently, there are no federal labeling requirements for candles other than those required for consumer commodities under the Federal Trade Commission’s Fair Packaging and Labeling Act (manufacturer’s name, commodity weight, measurements, etc.). NCA members typically place safe-use instructions on their candles or the candle packaging. NCA spearheaded the drive for candle fire-safety labeling, working with the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) to create voluntary labeling standards for the industry.

What sort of chemical reaction is created by burning a candle ?

When a candle burns, the flame “consumes” the wax to produce water vapor and carbon dioxide, the same harmless byproducts humans produce when exhaling. This is true for all types of candle waxes.

Are certain candle waxes better than others?

No. All types of quality candle waxes perform well, burning cleanly and safely when formulated and used properly. Candle manufacturers select waxes or blends of waxes based on their characteristics and their suitability for specific types of candles.

Do scented candles burn differently than unscented ones?

Not really. A well-made scented candle-– like an unscented candle-– produces harmless water vapor and carbon dioxide when burned. The only difference with a scented candle is that a fragrance is released as well. Reputable candle manufacturers carefully monitor the addition of fragrance to ensure a “clean” and proper burn. There is a maximum amount of fragrance that can be added to a candle before it will no longer burn cleanly or properly. There have been some reports of homemade candles containing too much fragrance or fragrances not approved for candle use which can cause improper burning.

What should I do if my candle smokes?

A well-made candle will create virtually no smoke when burning properly. However, noticeable smoking will occur whenever a candle’s flame is disturbed, which allows minute particles of unburned carbon (soot) to escape from the flame. Any candle, regardless of formulation or wax type, can be made to smoke by causing the flame to flicker.

To minimize candle flickering, trim the wick to 1/4 inch before lighting and place burning candles away from vents, drafts and other strong air currents. If a candle continues to significantly flicker or noticeably smoke, it should be extinguished. Allow it to cool, trim the wick, check for drafts, and then re-light.

Do candles contain lead?

There is no lead in candle wax and no member of the National Candle Association (which accounts for 90 percent of all candles made in the U.S.) uses lead wicks. NCA members voluntarily agreed more than 25 years ago not to use lead wicks.

Although some candles-– primarily imports-– reportedly contain lead wicks, the majority of wicks manufactured in the U.S. are made of 100% cotton or cotton-paper combinations. Although some U.S.-made candles contain metal wicks, these are typically zinc or tin wicks which are known to be safe and non-toxic.

Courtesy of The National Candle Association